Reproductive Medicine

What is IVF treatment? All You Need to Know    

In the field of modern medicine, In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) treatment is a boon for couples struggling with infertility. It revolutionized the approach towards fertility issues and has enabled countless individuals to realize their dream of parenthood.

In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) is a fertility treatment that combines an egg and sperm outside the body, within a controlled laboratory environment, leading to embryo formation. This embryo is then carefully nurtured and monitored before being transferred to the woman’s uterus.

IVF Process

Ovulation stimulation 

It begins with the administration of fertility medications to stimulate the ovaries to produce multiple eggs. Regular monitoring through ultrasounds and hormone tests ensures optimal egg development.

Egg retrieval 

 Once the eggs reach the appropriate size, a minor surgical procedure is performed to retrieve them using a thin needle to access the ovaries.

 Sperm collection 

On the same day as egg retrieval, a sperm sample is collected from the male partner or a sperm donor.


The eggs and sperm are then combined in a laboratory dish to induce fertilization. In certain cases, Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) may be employed, where a single sperm is directly injected into an egg.

Embryo culture 

The resulting embryos are cultured in a controlled environment for several days and closely monitored for growth and development.

 Embryo transfer 

 The healthiest embryos are selected for transfer into the woman’s uterus using a simple and painless procedure.

Luteal phase support 

Hormonal medications are administered to support the uterine lining and enhance the chances of successful implantation.

IVF has transformed the lives of countless couples and individuals struggling with infertility issues. By understanding the process of IVF, its benefits, and potential risks, individuals can make informed decisions about their fertility journey.

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